Carrot compatibility with crops
Every advanced summer resident knows about the importance of crop rotations in planning plantings for the coming season. Some plants are helpers for each other, who saturate the soil with the necessary substances and kill harmful organisms. Other groups of vegetables are contraindicated for each other. They deplete the soil and carry the same diseases. If you know what to plant next to carrots, you can get an interesting mixed bed. The advantage of the combination sowing is that the aromas of herbs and vegetables mix with each other, and pests cannot determine which vegetable they are.
Carrot compatibility with other crops
|Bow||Dill, anise, parsley and the rest of the Umbrella|
|Legumes (especially beans and peas)||Apple trees|
|Potatoes, tomato and other nightshades|
|Cucumbers (but only after 1-2 years)|
Knowing the compatibility of crops is necessary not only to combine plantings in the current season, but also to predict changes in places. In crop rotation there is a rule of "tops" and "roots". If root crops are grown on the garden bed in the current season, then the next year it is best to plan the planting of plants whose fruits ripen on the branches. This is necessary so that the soil has time to recover and replenish with nutrients.
To enrich the soil after carrots, it is recommended to plant strawberries and strawberries. But carrots feel good in the beds after potatoes and onions. Potatoes perfectly loosen the soil and make it soft, so carrots will be very comfortable to thrive in such conditions. Onions enrich the soil with nitrogen and potassium, which is also beneficial for carrot crops, which need a lot of nutrients for development. Cucumbers are also on the list of favorable neighbors and precursors for carrots, but you need to give the soil a little time for its composition to become optimal for carrots. Cucumbers oversaturate the soil with nutrients, which is not very good for carrots, they begin to experience difficulties in growth. The land, rested for a year or two after cucumbers, becomes optimal for sowing carrots.
How to plant carrot-compatible crops
With a sufficient amount of knowledge and skills, combined planting includes 3 or more crops on one bed per season. At the initial stage, you need to master simple pair combinations.
When asked whether it is possible to plant onions next to carrots, any agronomist will answer positively. Onions and carrots are the most favorable neighborhoods possible. These crops can be safely sown in the same bed, since they are protectors from pests for each other. Carrot flies do not tolerate onion aromas, while carrot esters repel onion flies. When planting onions with carrots on the same territory, it is worth considering some of the nuances:
- A joint carrot-onion ridge should not coexist with tomatoes, since onions are not friendly with this culture;
- When the bulbs no longer require water, the carrots are just entering the phase of active water consumption.This means that some kind of harvest will have to be neglected and the crop grown indirectly, as a protective barrier. A way out of the situation may be to plant a third crop as a separator, which will not allow excess moisture to get to the onion. This option is quite complicated, you need to have a lot of knowledge about what to plant carrots with in the same garden. Therefore, it is best to make onions and carrots as closest neighbors and grow them in adjacent beds;
- Onions and carrots have different planting dates. Carrots are a thermophilic plant, and their sowing can be postponed until a constant temperature of + 15˚C… + 18˚C is established. Onions can be planted at a lower temperature. If you plant crops at the same time, then there is a high probability not to wait for carrot shoots, or it will bloom en masse. If the main task is to grow a good harvest of onions, then a flowering carrot will be an excellent protector against midges, since the active aroma of a flowering plant will greatly scare away insects.
There is no consensus about this neighborhood; some gardeners claim that legumes are killing carrots. Most often, peas and beans are recognized as neighbors of carrots for a good harvest, since carrots grow very large and juicy next to the beans. Legumes saturate the soil with nitrogen and make it airy. Therefore, a good harvest can be grown near pea crops. It is worth noting that carrots are also a friendly neighbor for peas, so we can say that this is a favorable mutually beneficial development of two cultures. Sowing is best done with alternating rows and leaving fairly large aisles for the plants to have room. Still, legumes grow quite strongly during the season, and carrots require a lot of light.
Radishes, spinach, lettuce, and other early ripening vegetables and herbs
If you do not know what to plant next to carrots in the open field, then choose early maturing greens and radishes. The seeds of these crops are sown together. They are mixed in equal parts and sand or granulated tea is added. All these crops are supportive for each other, so seed germination reaches its maximum. In addition, the sowing in the furrows is very even, so further thinning may not be required. Early crops ripen quickly and are removed from the garden, while there is plenty of room for carrots to actively grow and develop. The only caveat is the increased doses of fertilizing, because several crops grown at the same time require more nutrients.
This plant has long been recognized as a natural disinfectant. Garlic releases phytoncides into the atmosphere, which scare off both adult insects and larvae. But that's not all! This fragrant plant saves its neighbors from fungal infections. If you plant carrots next to garlic, then the safety of the crop will increase significantly, and root crops will improve immunity against infections. It is recommended to plant the garlic along the edge of the carrot bed. The disinfecting properties of garlic are preserved in the soil even if it is absent in the garden, so the larvae of pests will not appear suddenly.
If you plan to plant two crops for the winter, then the garden is marked in advance, because the plants are planted at different times. In October, it is necessary to sow winter garlic, and in November, carrot seeds are sown in pre-prepared aisles. After that, the entire bed is mulched with a mixture of peat, humus and compost. In early spring, in the last ten days of March, garlic will begin to grow actively, after half a month, carrots will reach for it. The garlic ripens in July.After harvesting, carrots remain the only crop in the garden for a short period of time.
Sage, marjoram and other aromatic herbs
Carrots have a beneficial effect on the growth of aromatic herbs. In turn, herbs envelop carrot crops in a powerful spicy scent that confuses and repels malicious pests. This pair complements each other perfectly. They can be safely sown in the same bed, alternating rows. By the time the roots are harvested, the herbs will also ripen.
Carrots do not get along well with crops
There are several crops that should not be planted next to carrots. This has two main problems:
- Planting near Umbrella crops such as anise, dill and parsley is prohibited due to the fact that plants of the same family are attacked by the same pests and diseases. And sowing carrots next to celery is guaranteed to attract pest colonies. In addition, growing related crops is unfavorable due to the fact that they need approximately the same set of nutrients, which they begin to take from each other;
- Planting carrots next to Cruciferous species is always a struggle for survival. This family includes beets and horseradish. Plants begin to compete for nutrients, and as a result, one person always dies. Another disadvantage is that the highly developed ground part of the beets and horseradish creates a shadow that the carrots cannot stand.
Another dysfunctional neighborhood is the location of carrot beds under apple trees. In this case, the plants do not destroy each other, but mutually degrade the taste of the fruit. Both apples and carrots grow bitter.
Every summer resident should have a clear idea of what to plant carrots with in the same garden. This knowledge will help to avoid possible difficulties and simplify the growing procedure. Correct planting of vegetables and proper crop rotation often play a key role in shaping the harvest.