Young animals, when they are born, are often attacked by various viruses and microbes. Due to low immunity, the stomach and intestines of cattle are most often affected.
Breeding and general rules for calf care
After the calf is born, the milk period lasts 3-4 months. At this time, the following conditions must be observed:
- calves should be kept in a warm room;
- animals need to be washed every day;
- manure is removed 2-3 times a day;
- the feed must contain all essential vitamins and minerals.
When breeding cows for meat, the first point is optional.
Causes of the disease and treatment
Dyspepsia in calves takes a variety of forms. The disease is caused by various reasons caused by errors in determining the diet for young animals and caring for them in the first days of life.
If the calf does not have a sucking reflex, hypoxia is most often to blame. The animal receives little oxygen, the brain cells are in a stressful state, so the reflex program is disrupted. To fix the problem, you need to lift the calf by the limbs, fixing it in a standing position. After that, the baby is given a tongue massage. For sucking to resume, it is recommended to pour Rigner's solution onto his tongue or give a pinch of salt. If these measures do not help, you need to urgently call a veterinarian.
What to do when the calf is panting and lethargic? The cause of the disease is damage to the stomach of the animal by viruses, low immunity of a young individual. First, you need to help to get to your feet, and then give a little water to drink. It is best to call your veterinarian to treat this condition.
Farmers often complain that the calf does not eat or drink, what to do in such cases? It is necessary to bring the animal to the udder of a cow or dip a finger in milk, and then put it on the tongue of the calf.
What to do, the calf does not drink milk, turns away? It is necessary to check the temperature of the liquid. If it is cold (temperature is below +37 .. + 39 ° C), then the animal will not try food. The calf also does not eat if it does not like the taste of milk. Therefore, you just need to replace the food. To improve the taste, fish oil, egg, salt are added to the product.
If the calf does not stand up after diarrhea, you need to force it to rise on its own, fixing the animal in a standing position. The farmer should give the animal intravenous glucose injections, introduce more vitamins into the patient's diet, and improve the heating of the barn.
If a weak calf is born, your veterinarian can tell you what to do. Often such animals are prescribed stimulants, milk is enhanced with additives, and hydrolysin injections are prescribed (dosage 50-100 mg).
If the calf is sluggish and does not eat well, it is advisable to call a doctor right away. In young animals, symptoms of dangerous diseases are manifested in this way, therefore, self-treatment can lead to death.
Indigestion, colds, and other lesions must be properly diagnosed. This can only be done by an experienced doctor. Lack of treatment will worsen the condition. The farmer can only alleviate the condition of the animal by lifting it.
If the calf is lying with its legs and head stretched out, check its belly. In the absence of changes, refusal to eat or the presence of heavy breathing in the animal, it is recommended to immediately call the veterinarian.
If the calf does not stand up, then the reason for this is hypoxia, prolonged labor, and disruption of the central nervous system. This will require complex treatment, otherwise rapid changes in the body will lead to the death of the animal. Self-treatment is prohibited, otherwise complications are possible.
How to treat dyspepsia in calves
The disease is eliminated by various methods. First, the sick animal is separated from the group. The first 12 hours he is not given milk, but instead of water he is given saline solution. In the presence of poisoning, the calf is washed with potassium permanganate (0.002%). If dyspepsia of calves is found, diarrhea is treated with the following drugs:
- Novocaine (0.5% solution) is administered only after he is helped to get to his feet. The needle is immersed 15-20 mm into the right hunger fossa.
- Various infusions and teas made from oats and other herbs are used. Plasma substitutes are used together with them (solutions of Sharabrin, Rigner, etc.)
- In order to suppress the dangerous flora of the stomach, Syntomycin is used - 0.02 g per 1 kg of calf weight, Levomycetin in the same dose, Tetracycline and Colimycin - 0.015 g per kg of animal weight.
The drugs Norsurfazol, Sulfatrol, Sulfadimezin also help well.
Instructions for using the drug
Eleovit for calves is prescribed by a veterinarian only after an examination. The drug is used to treat certain diseases in animals. The medicine is available as an injection. For preventive purposes, injections are given for 15 days intramuscularly once a day. They are placed in the thigh or neck.
Indications for using the medicine:
- general weakness of the body;
- stressful condition;
- developmental lag.
- individual intolerance;
- an allergic reaction to the components of the product.
The veterinarian can advise which drug should be used during treatment with Eleovit for a quick recovery of the calf. When using the medicine, it is recommended to observe the following dosage:
- young animals under 1 year old are injected with 2-3 ml of the drug;
- adults - 5-6 ml.
Overdose leads to skin discoloration. If an allergy occurs, a course of treatment with antihistamines is carried out. Before administering the medicine, you must wipe the skin with alcohol.
To prevent diarrhea in calves, proper nutrition is recommended. The problem is solved as follows:
- For 60 minutes after calving, the baby is given colostrum. If this operation is performed later, then the animal may develop bronchopneumonia, diarrhea, or severe growth retardation.
- Then the calf is given colostrum 5 times a day. An individual feeder equipped with a teat is used. If livestock is fed from a bucket or other similar container, then the calves begin to swallow the feed in large chunks, and this leads to the appearance of curd-like clots in the abomasum.
Advice and guidance from experienced breeders and veterinarians
To help sick young animals, you need to follow certain rules for feeding and caring for animals. In 90% of cases, this can eliminate diarrhea. The following is recommended:
- The disease should be treated immediately after the first symptoms appear. For this, a special place must be allocated in the barn.
- The calf is immediately given herbal decoctions, salted water. The next day, you need to make a mixture of oats and rice with milk.
After taking these measures, diarrhea disappears on day 4. If this does not happen and the animal continues to vilify, it is recommended to treat it with antibiotics prescribed by a doctor.